Everton Independent Research Data


JANUARY 1 1909 Sheffield Independent
Hugh Bolton, who came Everton from Newcastle United, was yesterday transferred for a good to Bradford (Park Avenue). He is a small inside forward, and has helped Everton for three years. Played the teem which won the for Everton beating Newcastle United. in following season, however, it is interesting to recall that he was very lucky get his place the eleven, which at Crystal Palace was beaten Sheffield Wednesday, George Wilson, who had assisted Everton throughout the competition, being popped the last moment on account his refusal to sign-on for the following season.

Evening Telegraph-Friday 1 January 1909
The transfer has just been arranged of Hugh Bolton from Everton to Bradford Park Avenue. Bolton was formerly with Newcastle United from whose ranks he went to Everton late in the season, when the latter beat the Tynesiders in the English Cup Final, in which he took part. Since Coleman's advent at Goodison Park, Bolton has had few opportunities in the League team.

January 2, 1909. The Liverpool Courier.
Everton had a great opportunity yesterday of establishing a pronounced lead in the First Division of the League. They were playing at Goodison Park before a crowd of at least 40,000 people, who were anxious to see them defeat Newcastle United. Yet the result was –Newcastle United one goal, Everton nil. It was a disappointing New Year's grit, which the Evertonians presented to their followers. But, however, bitter the pill, it must be swallowed. It would be unreasonable to begrudge Newcastle United the credit of a somewhat unexpected victory. At the same time on the general run of the play. Everton were value for a point. The equalising goal never came, and Everton had to accept defeat by the narrowest possible margin. The outcome is that, though Everton still hold the lead, they are only one point ahead of Newcastle United, while Manchester United, with a game in hand, have a chance of reaching their record of 30 points for 21 matches. How long will Everton retain the lead.

In view of the blizzard, the drifting snow, and the intermittent frost, the playing pitch at Goodison Park was in remarkably satisfactory conditions. It was on the heavy side, it is true, and herein was one of the main causes of Everton's downfall for they are a side who do not as a rule shine when the going is of the ploughy description. For all that they fought throughout the whole ninety minutes with whole-hearted determination. As events turned out the issue was settled in the first five minutes of play. Newcastle went off with a great bang, and before the spectators, had really settled down to enjoy the game the all-important goal accrued. A beautiful centre from Anderson –a really smart outside left –led to Makepeace conceding a corner. The ball was wonderfully well placed by Rutherford, and Howie's head brought about Scott's discomfiture. It was one of those headers, which come off once in a way. Scott was in no way to blame, and probably Howie was surprised. Still it was a rare good goal. After a while Everton settled down to serious work, and once Sharp only just missed. Newcastle, however, let no chances slip, and it was well on in the opening half before Everton secured their first corner. Both goals had narrow escapes, but generally the defence was superior to the attack on the part of both teams. Crossing over with a goal lead it was obvious that Newcastle United did not mean to forego their chance of an important victory. Their defence was in particularly good form, and whenever the backs were beaten, Lawrence was a most reliable custodian. About the only occasion when he was really beaten was when a terrific shot from Barlow struck the crossbar. Sharp, too, manipulated the ball cleverly, only to fail with finishing efforts, and Freeman had a rare chance of equalising when the referee stopped play for a foul on Barlow. The wielder of the whistles may have been quite right in his judgement, but it was hard lines on the home side. When the end came Everton had to acknowledge their fourth defeat at home –three times by a goal to nil.

Although beaten, no great exception could be taken to any of the players on the losing side. True the forwards play did not realise expectations. As already indicated, the heavy going was not in their favoour, but as a line they failed to combine in the manner to which we are accustomed. Freeman seems to have fallen on off-days, or is it that opposing sides watch him too closely? Young especially in the earlier stages, was clever in robbing opponents, but what have become of his old time shooting powers? Barlow rendered yeoman service to his side even though Young did not look after him too well, Coleman was not himself, and Sharp indulged in brilliant flashes along the wing which unfortunately came to nothing. Harris and Makepeace were the pick of the half-backs, Clifford showing to better advantage in the second half, which both Stevenson and MaConnachie rendered valuable assistance. Indeed Robert Balmer's absentee was in no way missed. Scott did all that was possible, the goal which brought Newcastle a couple of points being one that would have beaten any goalkeeper. This victors, with their international, backs again, played after the style of champions. Their halves were the strong feature, and one could not help admiring the ready manner in which the men went for the ball. Teams: - Everton: - Scott goal, Stevenson, and MaCoonachie, backs, Harris, Clifford, and Makepeace, half-backs, Sharp (Captain), Coleman, Freeman, Young, and Barlow, forwards. Newcastle United: - Lawrence, goal, McCombie, and Whitson, backs, Gardiner, Veitch, and McWilliams half-backs, Rutherford Howie, Shepherd, Wilson, and Anderson, forwards.

January 2, 1909, The Liverpool Courier.
Lancashire Combination Division One (Game 19)
The Everton second eleven credited themselves with a couple of points, as the result of their journey to Atherton, the margin in their favour being 5 goals to 2. Atherton were very smart at the commencement, but their shooting was at fault. After twenty minutes play Couper scored for Everton, Sagar equalised but Mountford put Everton ahead again. Interval Atherton 1, Everton 2. Atherton had only ten men in the second half. Everton applied pressure, and Dawson. Couper and Borthwick scored, Martincroft netted for Atherton. Everton: - Berry, goal, W. Balmer, and Strettell, backs, Rafferty, Borthwick, and Adamson, half-backs, Jones, Lacey, Couper, Mountford and Dawson, forwards.

January 4, 1909. The Liverpool Courier.
Everton were themselves again at Goodison Park last Saturday. They to some extent rendered themselves for their New Year's Day failure again Newcastle United. In other words they trounced Bristol City by five goals to two. The Victory was particularly welcome, inasmuch as it enabled the Evertonians to figure for another week at any rate at the head of the League table. It was a distinct improvement, too, upon the corresponding fixture last season, when Bristol City were permitted to share the honours of a goalless draw. Moreover, these five goals placed Everton to the position of being the only club in either division of the League to boast of having passed the half-century in the matter of “goals for.” Another pleasing feature was that after having failed to score a solitary goal in three League matches, they found the net on no fewer than five occasions, and this with a side in which four reserves players appeared. Bristol City, it may be granted, do not furnish the same class of opposition as Newcastle United; at the same time it was a feather in the cap of the Everton representatives to take five goals from a side which in 20 games, had only given away 23 goals. It is marvellous what reserves can accomplish sometimes on being introduced into the premier eleven.


For finish and class the game could not be compared with that of the preceding day with Newcastle United. Yet it was much livelier, and from the point of view of the average spectators more interesting to watch. There is always a glamour about a game which produces a harvest of goals, even though the football may not attain the highest standard, and surely seven goals were enough to satisfy the most exacting onlooker especially when five of them fell to the home side. Bristol City started in workmanlike fashion, which was not suggestive of a big victory for their opponents. They worried the Everton defenders without, however, being allowed to get in any very troublesome shots. Suddenly's change came over the scene. Jones who was deputising for Sharp found his sprinting boots with a vengeance, and he fairly harassed the opposing half, and back. Singularly enough it was on that portion of the ground where Sharp generally excels. The first goal came from a grand centre of the ex-Prescot player, for although Freeman missed the leather rather badly, Young pounced upon it and defeated Clay with a shot, which he could only partially stop. White soon followed with another fine goal, and Jones continued to distinguish himself, one of, his efforts, a magnificent oblique shot, grazing the crossbar. Bristol responded in gallant style, and clever movements resulted in Rippon easily defeating Scott. This, however, was only a flash in the pan. From another centre by Jones the third goal was obtained by Young, and the interval arrived Freeman had added a fourth. For the most part the Evertonians were inclined to take matters more easily in the subsequent proceedings the enjoyment of which so far as many of the spectators were concerned was spoiled by the bad light. Bristol City naturally had more of the play, and on one occasion Marr deserved to be rewarded with a terrific shot, which brought out all Scott's resource. Freeman was responsible for a fifth point obtained in his old characteristic style, and although Staniforth reduced the adverse margin. Bristol retired a well beaten team.


Each of the reserves called upon by Everton acquitted himself with distinct credit, although Jones was the star performer. He did not figure among the scorers, but three of the goals were the outcome of his brilliant exhibition. White, too proved a rare good substitute for Coleman, and Dawson played quite a serviceable game at outside left. Strettell was a decided success at right back, though for cool and judicious tactics MaConnachie outshadowed him. Freeman improved upon recent displays, and his two successive of Saturday bring his record of goals to a quarter of a century. Young also had a couple. He made mistakes at time, but still he showed himself a great artist, being unquestionably the cleverest forward on the field. Both Harris and Makepeace were in fine trim, but somehow Clifford does not appear to realise expectations. Jack Taylor's successor apparently has not yet been found. Scott has twice to submit to defeat at the same time, it was through on fault of his that the goals were secured. Though meeting on the days play is superior team. Bristol City are to be commended upon the plucky fight, which they maintained right to the finish. Wedlock looked after Freeman like a brother, but was scarcely as successful as usual in attacking to his forwards among whom Hilton and Gilligan were the most competitive. Teams: - Everton: - Scott, goal, Strettell, and MaConnachie, backs, Harris, Clifford, and Makepeace (Captain), half-backs, Jones White, Freeman, Young, and Dawson, forwards. Bristol City: - Clay, goal, Annan, and Cottle, backs, Marr, Wedlock, and Spear, half-backs, Brown, Staniforth, Rippon, Gilligan, and Hilton, forwards. Referee C.C. Fallowfield.

January 4 1909, The Liverpool Courier.
Lancashire Combination Division One (Game 20)
Nelson beaten Everton by three goals to nil, and have now took three points against Everton this season. At Goodison Park recently they drew 3-3. For claim will be able to secure six goals and three points out of Everton, so the East Lancashire men are to be congratulated upon a good performance. It must be remembered that the first team call had this effect a handicapping the Blues second string somewhat, but the eleven sent to Nelson seemed good enough to hold their own. This was the case up to the first half, but after the changes of ends Nelson and all the game deserved their victory.

January 5, 1909. The Liverpool Courier.
Charles Edward Harley, who for several years was well known as an Athletic and football player, having played for Aston Villa and Everton (Resevres), was fined drowned in the several, at Gloucester, on Saturday. He had been missing from his home at Cheltenham since November 28 Th .

Diss Express - Friday 08 January 1909
Charles Edward Harley, who played football for Aston Villa and Everton was found drowned in the Severn at Gloucester on Saturday.  He had been missing since November 25.

January 11, 1909. The Liverpool Courier.
Admittedly Everton had a formidable task in meeting Preston North End at Deepdale on Saturday. They did not win, but they accomplished the next best thing –that of effecting a draw of three goals each. Thus the Goodison-road club can boast of having fulfilled eleven League fixtures away from home without sustaining a reverse. Certain football enthusiasts in Preston were inclined to assert that Everton were luck to share the honours of the game. If it be luck in equalising in the last ten minutes perhaps they were right, but no impartial observer could come to the conclusion that the leaders were not full value for at least a point. Indeed they were the cleverer side. Twice they held the lead, only to lose, it rather less than a quarter of an hour from the finish. Then it was that the supporters of North End fancied their favouritie had broken Everton's unique record on opponents grounds. Was it that equaliser from Sharp's toe, which suggested ideas of Everton's luck? It was not luck, but real grit. Besides what about that foul on Barlow in the penalty area, and also what about luck when Coleman banged the ball hard against the crossbar?


Leaving luck out of the question, the game was one of the finest and keenest that season. North End, having obtained ten out of twelve points, particularly desired to be the club to spoil Everton's away record; on the other hand, Everton had at least to draw to be secure of retaining the League leadership. Hence there were all the incentives for both sides to give of their best, and that they rose to the occasion admits of no doubt. The playing pitch was naturally heavy, and slippery, and under these conditions the pace was marvellous. At times the passing of the Everton forwards was simply superb –better than anything they have shown of late on such a muddy ground. The first goal fell to Everton. The ball seemed to be going over the line, when Sharp's speed enabled him to place it across the goalmouth, with the result that Barlow got his right foot to it and had McBride beaten to the world. Then came the incidents when a penalty might easily have been awarded for a foul on Barlow, and when Coleman had the misfortune to send the ball against the crossbar. Following a goal kick Bond raced away in his old international form he flashed the ball across and Danson meeting it, equalised. It was just as the interval was in sight that White gave Everton the lead, with a shot that McBride could only partially stop. The Evertonians were not seem to such great advantage in the second half. Wilson placed the teams on level terms, and when after a melee in front of goal, Bonds made the game 3-2 in North End's favour, it seemed all over with the Blues. To their credit be it said the visitors never relaxed their efforts. Preston were inclined to kick out when danger threatened, and it was one of these useless kicks which proved their undoing. From the throw in Sharp, the general that be is, worked his way into a spot where he was unmarked and had the ball past McBride in a twinkling. Right to the final blowing of the whistle Everton pressed hard, and doubtless the North End were quite satisfied when hostilities ceased.


That the short stay at Blackpool had done the League leaders good was evident from the sprightliness of their movements. The heavy going had no terrors for them, and the forwards work, especially in the opening half, was as fine as anyone could desire to witness. Young's absence, though sudden indisposition, was not missed. White playing a sterling game, at inside left. The ex-Boltonian is used to muddy grounds, and on this occasion he excelled himself in what is really his real position. His passes were always well timed, and although some of his shots at goal were not too accurate this did not contract from the excellence of his exhibition. Barlow was full of pluck and determination, and through Freeman did not score his usual goal it must be borne in mind that Percy Smith, who is developing into a great centre-half, very closely watched him. Sharp and Coleman as a rule were too smart for Lyon and Bodway. Probably this was the cause of Lyon spoiling himself by unnecessary attentions to the Everton captain. The halves –Harris, Clifford and Makepeace –were a capable trio. McConnachie and Balmer stood above the opposing backs, Winchester and Rodway although Balmer's tackling was not too effective. Both Scott and Mcbride kept goal after the manner of internationals. North End possesses a powerful, though not over scientific, team, and appear to have hit upon a good move in playing Percy Smith at centre-half. Teams : - Preston North End: - McBride (Captain) goal, Winchester, and Rodway backs, Holdsworth, Smith, and Lyon, half-backs, Bond, Wilson, Danson, and Sanderson, forwards. Everton: - Scott. goal, Balmer, and MaConnachie backs, Harris, Clifford, and Makepeace, half-backs, Sharp (Captain) Coleman, Freeman, White and Barlow, forwards. Referee R. Horrocks.

January 11, 1909. The Liverpool Courier.
Lancashire combination Division One (Game 21)
Everton Reserves vanquished Preston Reserves at Goodison Park on Saturday by 3 goals to 1. Although the ground was of a very treaserous nature, and all against an accurate display, the game was stubbornly contested, with the Blues the superior team. In the early stages of the game, the Preston defence was subjected to severe pressure, and Adamson scored with a magnificent long drive. Jones scored the second point after clever work by Mountford, and Carlin got through for Preston. The only goal of the second half was scored by Lacey, who outwitted several opponents, and placed the ball out of the keepers's reach. Jones was again the most conspicuous forward on the field, his runs and centres being a feature of the match. Lacey and Mountford were also clever and hard working attackers, while in the defence Balmer served up one of his old time displays. On the visitors side Taylor gave a capital exhibition in goal and was well supported by a strong and fearless backs. The forwards proved a very moderated lot . Everton: - Berry, goal, W. Balmer, and Meunier, backs, Rafferty, Borthwick, and Adamson, half-backs, Jones Lacey, Kirby, Mountford, and Woods, forwards .

Nottingham Evening Post - Tuesday 12 January 1909
Archie Goodall at Derby
A halt was called to the fun of the pantomine "Aladdin" at the Grand Theatre, Derby, last night, and for several minutes at a stretch there was a silence that could almost be felt while Archie Goodall, the famous ex-footballer, presented his novel and sensational turn, "Walking the Hoop."  The hoop employed is 50ft in circumference, five inches wide, three inches thick, and weighs under 200lb.  No fewer than 1,050 pieces of steel and 3,000 rivets are used in it, but the secrets of its construction, as of the composition of the soles of the boots which Goodall wears, together with other details are, of course, jealously guarded.  The preformer started his walk at the left of the inner circle, with his arms folded, and at different stages paused to pose.  he made his longest stop at the top, and with head downward he raised -one with each hand -two assitants, whose combined weights are over 18st.  As a test of skill, strength and endurance, as well as of nerve, the feat is probably unsurpassed, and the audience followed its accomplishment with breathless interest.  This found its vent at intervals in rounds of applause, and when Goodall stepped back on the boards he was subject of an enthusiastic demonstration. 

EVERTON 3 BARNSLEY 1 (Fa Cup Game 73)
January 18, 1909. The Liverpool Courier.
On paper Everton were one of the lucky clubs in the first round proper of the English Cup ties. The League leaders were pitted at home against lowly club in the Second Division. Hence they ought to have gained a victory with the greatest ease and been certain of participation in the next round on the journey which culminates at the Crystal Palace. Yet what happened? Barnsley, with their insignificant Second League record, were out in the right cup fighting spirit. Their appearance at Goodison Park in no way affrighted them or affected their play except perhaps in the direction of inspiring them with just that all important extra ounce of enterprise which tells so greatly in cup struggles. To the Yorkshire lads –they are quite a youthful team –let all credit be given for as plucky an exhibition as one could wish to see. When they equalised the score rather less than quarter of an hour before the many of Everton's supporters had visions of a replay at Barnsley where not a few fancied teams have gone under in cup ties. Happily, the League leaders realised the seriousness of the situation, and at the end the Yorkshire team had to acknowledge defeat by three goals to one.

It was not a day on which one would expect the finer points of the game to be exhibited. The ground was naturally on the heavy side, though not as bad as might have been expected, and the wind was both strong and erractic. Whatever advantage there was fell to Everton, seeing that Sharp won the toss. Those among the 15,000 spectators –the gate receipts amounted to £445 –who anticipated a runaway victory for the Evertonians were to sat the least, considerably surprised, Barnsley right away from the start showed that they meant to contest every inch of ground. Nor was the game entirely of the rush and kick description. They displayed at times some really clever footwork, which aided by splendid determination gave the Evertonians little or no rest. Not until the approach of the interval was the visiting defence penetrated, and then it was the result of a free kick from just outside the penalty area. Sharp took the kick, and although the goal was well packed the Everton captain, just as he did some weeks ago at Leicester, espied an opening, the outcome being that a swift low shot left the visiting custodian in a hopeless position. In the second half the Barnsley players never relaxed their efforts, and gained no more than their deserts when from a long punt by Boyle' Lillycrop raced between the backs, and had Scott easily beaten. This was just the incentive, which Everton needed. Following a corner Coleman scored a somewhat lucky goal, and ere the whistle blew White with a magnificent shot placed Everton's victory beyond question.

Though defeated Barnsley need in, no way he ashamed of their display against one of the crack teams in the country. They are quite a young team and possess more than one player of distinct promise. They were excellently served by their full-backs. Little and Downs, the halves were a spirited trio, and the inside forwards were good, the great fault of the attack being their inability to seize openings when approaching goal. Everton's right wing was better than the left, although White was perhaps the smartest forward on the field. The grand goal, which he scored, was a fitting reward to really admirable work. Clifford was more at home with the bustling tactics of the Barnsley front line either Makepeace of Harris, and further back MaConnachie easily outshone Robert Balmer. It was only in the last ten minutes that Everton as a whole played up in a manner worthy of their reputation. Teams: - Everton: - Scott goal, R. Balmer, and McConnachie, backs, Harris, Clifford, and Makepeace, half-backs, Sharp (Captain), Coleman, Freeman, White, and Barlow, forwards. Barnsley: - Thorn, goal, Little, and Downs, backs. Glenening, Boyle and Oxspring, half-backs Couthard, Griffiths, Lillicrop, Holliwell, and Brooks, forwards. Referee L.T.Clover.

January 18, 1909. The Liverpool Courier.
Lancashire Combination Division One (Game 22)
Everton fairly surprised the Bolton crowd by inflicting a 5-0 defeat on the Wanderer's reserves. Showing surprising cleverness and dash in the mud the visitors all through had the measure of the opposition, and had they cared to exert themselves in the second half would have made their victory even more pronounced than it was. Everton actually led at the interval by four goals to nil. In the second half, though playing against the wind, Everton were again the better side. Mountford at centre played in clever style, while once again Jones was a success on the right wing and Chetwood also did well. The defence was soundness itself, and the halves all preformed capably, Adamson showing much cleverness. Goals, Chetwood (two), Dawson, Mountford, and Jones one each. Everton: - Berry, goal, Strettell, and Meunier, backs, Rafferty, Borthwick, and Adamson, half-backs, Jones, Lacey, Mountford, Chetwood, and Dawson, forwards.

January 25, 1909. The Liverpool Courier.
Truly Everton are disappointing their loyal supporters. On Saturday they had a rare chance, one would think, of maintaining their League leadership and also of improving their goal average. Their opponents at Goodison-Park were Middlesbrough, a club who in six League encounters had been secured so much as a point on Everton's enclosure, and for the matter of fact only three goals. Yet just at the very moment when much was expected of them the Evertonians signally failed to rise to the occasion, and had to be content with a draw of one goal each. It was not so much the division of the honours which was so galling, rather was it the moderate standard of play attained by the “Blues” that was so disconcerting, especially when one remembers the Cup tie next Saturday week at Manchester with the League champions. Anyhow Everton have been deposed from the Leadership, a position now worthily held by Newcastle United, who have done nothing wrong since the Sunderland debacle.

Apart from those dreadful performances early in the season against Woolwich Arsenal and Preston North End, the exhibition of the Evertonians fell far below the standard to which we have been accustomed. For the matter of the Middlesbrough were little, if at all, superior. Everton soon took the lead, Young made an opening and scored, thanks in a great measure to Williamson being unsighted. After that the Teesiders enjoyed quite as much of the play, though their forwards finished badly. Balmer let them have not a few opportunities, through weakness in tackling and faulty kicking, and it was largely through the cleverness of MaConnachie that Scott had such a comparatively easy time. After the change of ends Middlesbrough were the more dangerous side, and once Scott cleared in brilliant fashion from Hall. Still Everton had a goal in hand, and but for feeble efforts in front of goal must have added to the score. It was from an sudden breakaway that Middlesbrough obtained their equalising goal. The ball was taken down on the right, and being placed slowly across the goalmouth Balmer hesitated just a second too long, thereby enabling Common to gently propel the leather past Scott. Everton did try hard in the closing stages to gain the leading point, and Freeman had a glorious chance, which he failed to utilise, the end coming with a goal to each side.

The outstanding figure on the Everton side was the ex-Boltonian, Clifford. He has been showing gradual improvement since he joined the Everton ranks, but on Saturday he gave quite a masterly exhibition. He was strong both in defence and in assisting the forwards, and his placing of the ball was characterised by a degree of accuracy and judgement, which was altogether commendable. Makepeace and Harris ably supported him, and as far the half-back line was concerned it was in no way accountable for Everton's partial success. Further behind, MaConnachie played a masterly game, but Robert Balmer was decidedly off colour. Of the forwards White, though shifted to the inside right position, was the most conspicuous. Barlow did fairly well, but Young, it is regrettable to have to state, was a failure, though he did score. Everton's only goal. Jones failed to reproduce his form against Bristol City, and Sharp, resting for the North v South match, was sadly missed. Freeman, it is true, was well watched, but for all that he was not the Freeman of earlier in the season. For Middlesbrough Watson gave a grand exhibition at left back. The halves were sound, and Thackeray and Commons formed a capable left wing. Everton will have to improve on Saturday's display it they mean to have a fight for championship honours. Teams : - Everton: - Scott, goal, W. Balmer, and McConnachie, backs, Harris, Clifford, and Makepeace, half-backs, Jones, White, Freeman, Young, and Barlow, forwards. Middlesbrough: - Williams, goal, McLeod, and Watson, backs, R Young, Wilcox, and Varill, half-backs, Pentland, Hall, Common, Thackeray, and Jones, forwards. Referee L.T. Clover.

January 25, 1909. The Liverpool Courier.
Lancashire Combination Division One (Game 23)
Oldham Athletic have scored two goals against Everton this season, and these have sufficed to bring them three points. At Goodison the score was one goal each, while at Oldham on Saturday the Athletic won by the only goal of the match. Had the points been divided Everton would have had no more than they deserved, for there was little to choose between the teams. In the first half Everton hit the Oldham bar, while Oldham's goal was only put on in the closing stages. Everton: - Berry, goal, Strettell, and Meunier, backs, Rafferty, Borthwick, and Adamson, half-backs, Evans, Lacey, Mountford, Chetwood, and Dawson, forwards.

January 26, 1909. The Liverpool Courier.
Freeman, and Sharp, played for the North against the South yesterday at Fulham, a fine game resulting in a goalless draw. There were about 15,000 present when Freeman kicked off for the North.




January 1909